Chapter 31 Introduction to Section IV


In the final section of the book, we move on to a consideration of alternative perspectives on the nature of addiction - alternatives to both the brain disease and so-called moral models of addiction.

Chapters include a consideration of fundamental issues about the way we frame our thinking about addiction – in essence, challenging us to ask questions about addiction in different ways. Others take the view that the inherently multidisciplinary nature of our field is part of the reason why debates about the nature of addiction exist. Proposals for integrating concepts and evidence are discussed, with a view to creating a more disciplined approach to the way in which we incorporate findings from diverse disciplines within addiction science.

Finally, a number of chapters present positive alternatives to the BDMA, in which some authors attempt to integrate evidence from neurobiology and other fields while others offer entirely different theoretical frameworks, including some approaches which apply a very pragmatic, therapeutic lens.


Antony C. Moss - ORCiD:

Matt Field - ORCiD:

Sally Satel - ORCiD:

Nick Heather - ORCiD:


Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction is available from: