Chapter 40 Understanding substance use disorders among veterans: virtues of the Multitudinous Self Model


The goal of this chapter is to evaluate the empirical efficacy of a theoretical model that has been previously called the Multitudinous Self Model, using a nationwide survey of post-9/11 Veterans receiving regular Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) care. It is asked what insights might be gleaned about the landscape of SUDs by using the Multitudinous Self model in examining these data.

The analysis arrives at two important conclusions. First, the existence of other mental health problems, such as anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder, is associated with SUDs among veterans. Second, better community reintegration after military service is associated with reduced SUD diagnoses, indicating that social connections may be critical predictors of positive outcomes.


Şerife Tekin - ORCiD:

Alicia A. Swan - ORCiD:

Willie J. Hale - ORCiD:

Mary Jo Pugh - ORCiD:


Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction is available from: